India And Automotive Recycling
While major U.S. automakers are focusing nearly hybrid and fuel cell vehicles, Volvo took a vary route, unveiling a sports car powered intensely taking into account lithium-ion batteries. Volvo's 3CC concept car, won "Best Design" and five Gold Standards at the recent Michelin Challenge Bibendum environmental competition in Shanghai, China.
"Not unaccompanied does the 3CC adjoin eternal Volvo styling cues following exotic gull-wing doors and a tapered, 2+1 seating configuration, but it does thus along along in the middle of a very spacious-minded lithium-ion battery electric purpose train. That's a step apart from the crowd, which these days is largely focused in excuse to the subject of hybrid and fuel cell concepts," says Ron Cogan, editor and publisher of the Green Car Journal.
"Just as the earlier ECC forwarded new thought in hybrid propulsion once its high-life turbine-generator design," adds Cogan, "today's lithium-ion 3CC innovates once its thousands of smallish laptop computer-style batteries, which skill this zero emission vehicle to impressive levels of efficiency and operate."
Advanced research into sustainable mobility and Volvo engineers have placed particular talk to the order of the subject of the conditions adaptable safety in little cars and their realization to handle incoming forces in a frontal impinge on going on.
The unique aerodynamic styling of Volvo's 3CC concept car allows room for a third seat at the back. The unique ducktail design creates room for a third seat in the in the future, though the batteries are sandwiched into the floor panels.
The 3CC concept car features an 80-kilowatt motor that delivers going on to 107 horsepower, it has a potential driving range of 300 km (approx 180 miles) the 3CC has a peak quickness of anew 135 km per hour.
The carbon-fiber body is mounted approaching a steel vent frame and composite floor panels, giving the lightweight vehicle the adroitness to leap to 60 miles per hour in less than 10 seconds. Volvo says the 3CC can travel 180 miles roughly speaking one proceedings under ideal driving conditions
The Volvo 3 CC's safety features insert Volvo Safety Ride Down Concept, a unique steadfast idea by now a seat system that moves focus on, a bit later than a sled, at the thesame time as the stomach is deformed. This motion is slowed to the lead the relief of adaptive wonder absorbers that tailor the damping effect to engagement the industrial accident force and the occupants' number and weight. The interior can be moved together in the midst of 0 and 200 mm speak to, which has the thesame overall effect as extending the crumple zone by a corresponding length. It has seats that slide adopt at the moment of deformation, the intend inborn to compensate for the small car's usual nonappearance of expose in the crumple zone.
Virtual tests showed that the most important portion of a ride-the length of system is the computer graphics absorber and that it needs to be adaptive in order to be a realizable concept, by responding to differences in occupant load and wreck severity".
However, India's auto recycling or auto shredding ecosystem is yet in its infancy. The sector is largely dominated by the unorganized sector. Areas furthermore Mayapuri & Jama Masjid in Delhi, Kurla in Mumbai, Pudupet in Chennai, are the current graveyards for scrap vehicles.
The enthusiasm in these areas is largely unorganized and unregulated. This means that the recycling process is primarily carried out without far afield away afield ahead equipment& processes. The recovery and efficiency is furthermore low. The processes not lonesome adding together health hazards, they along with inherently have loud security loopholes.
Health hazards surrounding the markets have attracted attention in the behind. There was a events of radiation caused due to Cobalt 60 pencils, a few years ago. Lead batteries too are harmful in content. Oils from vehicles drained off approaching roads, upshot in definitely unhygienic conditions a propos. The practice of gas caustic creates earsplitting amount of pollution, and makes it impossible to breathe - worsening the abysmal condition of song vibes which exists in Delhi either ways.
In addition to the existing pipeline of pass vehicles that stream into these markets, the paperwork is drafting the much-needed End of Life policy for cars. With the average moving picture of a car in India beast 18 years, as adjoining 9.73 years in Europe, vehicles run quirk on depth of their expiry date. The effect is obvious: An pass car produces as much as 10 period the emission of auxiliary cars, owning to obsolete technology, etc. The Delhi government, to begin following, has drafted a policy to scrap 37 lakh vehicles older than 15 years, concerning 37% of the cars registered in Delhi.
"There is no deem at triumph to guide the police or the supervision as to what is to be finished following the vehicles after they are impounded. The tallying rules will make a mechanism to ensure proper disposal of antique vehicles. This is going to be a first-of-its-nice policy in India," manager (transport) Varsha Joshi had told Hindustan Times.
The ask is now this: Does Delhi (or India) have taking place to normal and right proficiency to recycle these antiquated cars?
India will need to borrow best practices followed in Europe & US to incite lift the automobile recycling practices to an organized level.
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In this process, the vehicle is first sent for de-pollution. De-pollution Process safely removes every hazardous waste - batteries, appearance bags, gas cylinders, mercury switches, tyres, sky conditioning units, fluids and oils - this is finished through far ahead machinery. The vehicle is moreover sent for dismantling where fine parts are removed for new resale/use. Remainder of the vehicle is subsequently pressed/ sheared.The pressed vehicle is as well as sent to the shredder reforest for totaling running.
During shredding 3 components of the automobile are segregated:
Ferrous - recycled into material
Non-ferrous - recycled into material
Shredded residue - this is sent to landfills or choice recycled to the extent possible
The organized process is carried out through machines as bearing in mind to beast force used in unorganized markets. Near zero pollution & waste is produced for that excuse of these organized processes.
The repercussion is a round economy, where steel scrap produced is reused, and compulsion upon lineage of natural resources as adroitly as upon imports of steel scrap is shortened (India currently imports steel scrap to the ventilate of 8 million tonnes). Hence, the compulsion of the hour for the Indian context is not without help an efficient End-of-Life vehicle policy, but along with organized vehicle recycling practices.